Bacteria inhibit the gut in large numbers. There are good bacteria and then there are bad bacteria. Popularly called gut microbiota, these have an influence on mood, digestion and other important facets of health in human beings. The lifestyle decisions made by people generally change the composition of gut microbiota either for the good or the bad. The regular diet that contains processed foods in large amounts and a sedentary lifestyle can have a negative influence on bacterial growth and diversity in the body. There are a large number of people who take probiotics for helping the microbiota get on such effects. It has also been proved through studies that probiotics can be of good help for athletes.
The Benefits of Using Probiotics for the Athletes
There are a number of ways in which the microbiota diversity can be advantageous for the athletes. The status of the gut microbiota is important for performing well at exercise. It has been found through studies that people with greater diversity of intestinal flora are able to perform better. The production of antioxidant enzymes is also huge in these people thus protecting their body from the stress of extreme physical activities. Taking probiotics can help runners in performing better on the treadmill at 95 degree heat. The gut lining is made healthier with the use of probiotics and this further helps in reducing the leakage of pathogenic bacteria or molecules into the bloodstream. This leakage generally takes place when sports individuals indulge in strenuous activities triggering inflammation. It is also worth noting that athletes and sports individuals who are into strenuous workouts are able to exercise for a very long span of time if they take regular probiotics.
How does the Gut Microbiota Help in Proper Body Function?
Microbes present in the gut release certain hormones that might be beneficially for athletes mentally and physically. The microbes can help in the release of dopamine. Dopamine is basically a certain brain chemical that helps in motivation, movement and reward. Gut microbiota also stimulates serotonin release that helps in transmitting impulses between the nerve cells while regulating the body procedures. The microbiota also helps in the release of GABA, melatonin, acetylcholine and norepinephrine that help in regulating mood.
Gut Bacteria in Non-Athletes and Athletes
Gut bacteria can greatly vary from one person to another. There are people who have healthier gut bacteria in comparison to others and there are good reasons behind this fact. There are certain conditions that have an effect on the health of gut bacteria in people and these include obesity-related problems, asthma, allergies and obesity. It is also worth noting that people who exercise a lot tend to have great diversity in gut bacteria. Thus, it can rightly be concluded that since athletes are into intense workout sessions, they have good number and diversity in gut bacteria in comparison to the non-athletes. However, at the same time, it is also worth noting that athletes who tend to exercise a lot have increased chances of suffering from Upper Respiratory Tract Infections.